Concrete Science Research Briefs

Browse all of our concrete science related research briefs below, or explore by topic via the links in the right side bar (on desktop browsers) or at the bottom of this page (on mobile browsers).

This report provides a unified theoretical framework for understating two causes of premature deterioration in concrete pavements: the alkali-silica reaction and freeze-thaw damage.
A Scientific Investigation into Concrete Pavement Durability
January 12, 2021

A culmination of several years of multidisciplinary collaboration, this report by researchers from CSHub, Oregon State University, and the...

Research Brief: Simulating the Formation of ASR Gels
April 24, 2019

Alkali-silica-reaction (ASR) is a significant cause of premature concrete deterioration. While it has recieved significant scholarly attention, questions still remain about how the ASR gel can...

Chart image from Research Brief on C-S-H packing density.
Research Brief: Evolving the C-S-H Packing Density at the Microscale
October 2, 2017

Research efforts are underway to better understand nanoparticle packing density at the scale of hundreds of micrometers in cement paste, where a binary mixture of clinker grains and saturated pore...

Chart from research brief: Mechanical properties of Alkali Silica gels
Research Brief: Mechanical properties of Alkali Silica gels
August 17, 2017

Certain aggregates that are used to make concrete contain amorphous silica. This silica can react with alkalies in the cement paste pore solution and form a gel. This reaction is called alkali-...

Research Brief: Atomistic Modeling of ASR Gel
August 14, 2017

The Alkali-Silica Reaction (ASR) causes expansion and cracking in concrete which can result in structural problems in concrete infrastructure. ASR gel, formed from a chemical reaction between...

Chart image from Towards Understanding Cement Paste Creep: Implications from Glass Studies
Research Brief: Towards Understanding Cement Paste Creep
January 4, 2017

Creep is the gradual structural deformation in concrete under a load. While creep does not necessarily cause concrete to fail or break apart, it is known to impact on the durability of concrete...

Research Brief: Examining Freeze-Thaw Damage at the Microscopic Scalee
Research Brief: Examining Freeze-Thaw Damage at the Microscopic Scale
August 31, 2016

Freeze-thaw damage is a potentially serious deterioration process that occurs in concrete structures in cold climates. While it is known that using certain deicing salts can aggravate the damage,...

Chart image from research brief on ASR modeling
Research Brief: Bottom-up Modeling of ASR in Concrete
March 30, 2016

Alkali–silica reaction (ASR) occurs in some concretes between the highly alkaline pore solution and reactive silica components of certain aggregates. An alkali-silica gel forms that may expand...

Chart from Brief "The Impact of Changes to Surface Albedo on Radiative Forcing" 2015 Issue 12
Research Brief: The Impact of Changes to Surface Albedo on Radiative Forcing
January 27, 2016

The energy entering, reflected, absorbed, and emitted by the earth are components of the earth's radiative budget. Modifications to surface albedo, a measure of the solar energy the earth’s...

Concrete Science Platform Summary White Paper
Concrete Science - Phase I Summary White Paper
December 9, 2014

A new white paper summarizes the first five years of research results from the Concrete Science Platform (CSP) of the MIT Concrete Sustainability Hub. Concrete sustainability begins at the most...